Beware of Mushroom Poisoning in Pets

Beware of Mushroom Poisoning in Pets

You may have heard or read on social media last year that we sadly lost Bentley, a five-month-old member of our Just Around the Corner family, after he ate a toxic mushroom in his parents’ yard.  This is a very difficult posting, but we want to let people know how dangerous mushrooms in your yard can be. There are just no words to express how deeply sad we are and how we wish we could make his mom and dad feel better.

Bentley was playing in his yard, as all puppies do. Everything in the mouth!!!!! He grabbed a mushroom in the yard and swallowed it before his dad could get it away. By the next day, he became very ill. He spent over a week in ICU at CCVS and, sadly, passed away soon after…

PLEASE…PLEASE…PLEASE always check your yard for mushrooms and remove them before letting your babies out. We send our deepest thoughts and prayers to Bentley’s mom and dad.
Despite the nearly year-round (except wintertime) occurrence of mushroom poisoning in most of North America, it is probably underestimated, so it’s wise for all of us to be vigilant. Don’t let yet another tragedy happen to you. “When in doubt, pull it out!”

We had an overwhelming response to this posting on Facebook, and requests for more information.  Therefore, we have done our research, and the result is the following blog post:

Types of toxic mushrooms and symptoms of mushroom poisoning

Clinical signs of poisoning depend on the species of mushroom, the type of toxin in the mushroom, and the pet’s susceptibility.

Amanita, the most dangerous type, is attractive to dogs, particularly A. phalloides (death cap or death angel), A. muscaria (fly agaric), and  A. pantherina (panther cap), probably because of the fishy odor. The ingestion of A. phalloides and other genera, including Galerina and Lepiota (false parasol), results in a series of phases: gastroenteritis, false recovery, and liver failure. Muscimol and ibotenic acid, the psychoactive toxins in toadstools (A. muscaria and  A. pantherina), cause visual distortion and extreme sedation, among many signs.

Inocybe and Clitocybe produce muscarinic effects known as SLUD—salivation, lacrimation (excessive tear production), urination, and diarrhea.

Gyromitra spp. (false morels) generally cause vomiting and diarrhea. Most cases are mild, but seizures have been reported on rare occasions.

Hallucinogenic mushrooms such as Psilocybe (magic mushrooms, blue legs, or liberty caps), Panaeolus, Copelandia, Gymnopilus, Pluteus, and Conocybe cause disorientation, visual hallucinations, imaginary biting, hypertension, hyperthermia, seizures, and tremors, to name a few.

ASPCA provides more detailed information on the types of toxic mushrooms, mechanisms of toxicity, and treatment methods.

How to prevent mushroom poisoning

Keep an eye on your pets while taking them on a walk. Steer clear of areas where mushrooms grow.

Don’t take chances. Check your yard for mushrooms and remove them. It is difficult or even near impossible, even for mycologists (fungus experts), to distinguish toxic mushrooms from the nontoxic varieties. Adding to the complexity are the varying colors, shapes, and levels of toxicity in many species.

What to do after mushroom consumption

Although 99 percent of mushrooms are low-toxin or nontoxic, always assume that all mushrooms are potentially dangerous. Collect a sample of the mushroom, vomitus, or feces to bring with you to the animal clinic. Use a paper towel, waxed paper, or a paper bag for the mushroom. Do not use plastic material. Refrigerate the sample until you are ready to have it examined.

Take your pet to the vet for decontamination, in which vomiting is induced to remove the mushroom. In cases of actual poisoning, activated charcoal is administered to flush remaining toxins, followed by supportive care.

Contact the North American Mycological Association (NAMA) to identify and document the suspected mushroom. NAMA has a directory of identifiers across North America. There is also a listing for identifiers in Massachusetts.

Do you have an experience with a pet and mushrooms?  Post your story below.

References
https://www.dogchannel.com/dog-health/mushrooms-poisonous-to-dogs.aspx
https://healthypets.mercola.com/sites/healthypets/archive/2015/06/20/mushroom-poisoning.aspx
https://www.namyco.org/mushroom_poisoning_identifiers.php
https://www.namyco.org/mushroom_poisonings_in_dogs_an.php
https://www.petfinder.com/dogs/dog-health/pets-poisonous-mushrooms/
https://www.pethealthnetwork.com/dog-health/dog-toxins-poisons/dogs-and-mushrooms
https://www.petmd.com/dog/slideshows/6-poisonous-mushrooms-are-toxic-dogs

 

How Your Home Is More Secure By Using A Pet Sitter When Traveling

How Your Home Is More Secure By Using A Pet Sitter When Traveling

When you leave for vacation it is so stressful to leave your furry family behind.  You have done your research and hired a professional pet-sitting company so that you can go away with peace of mind knowing that your pets are taken care of.   But what about your home?  With a Pet Sitter, you can also have peace of mind that your home is taken care of as well.  This is a free benefit few realize when they hire a professional Pet Sitting Company.  Yes, you read it right…..a FREE benefit.

What could possibly happen while you are away on vacation?  We all know the most obvious things:  the biggest one…..a break in……who would know….you are gone for 10 days…..you would never know until you got home.  How awful!  There are so many other things that can happen…

Let me tell you an actual story.  How lucky that these clients wanted to have their fur babies stay in their own home.  Just Around the Corner was hired to do three visits per day to take care of Brady, their beloved Boxer, and his two feline sisters, Amber and Anabelle.  For the first two days, we visited, fed, and played with everyone, and all was going well.  On the third day of their 10-day vacation, as we drove down their road at 6:30 in the morning on our way to take care of them we could see smoke coming from their house.  Our hearts, of course, starting pumping ……and going through our minds were the babies in the house.  We ran right in and found all the animals waiting for us in the living room looking anxious.  We got all of them out of the house and put them in our car.  We called 911 and the fire department responded quickly.  On inspection of the house, the fire department found a faulty wire in the heating system.  They said in another hour it would have sparked a fire, which could have been a total loss.  Because we were there to pet sit, we were able to get the pets to safety, call the fire department and have someone come out and fix the heating system.    What a relief to our clients!  Their house was saved, their pets were saved, their heating system was fixed, and the pets could remain in their home.

  • Here are 5 things a Pet Sitter does for your home:
  • Rotate lights through-out the house each day so that it looks like someone is home.
  • Bring in Newspapers and Mail each day.
  • Rotate blinds and shades.
  • Security check the house, checking all windows and doors to be sure the house is secure.

Check to be sure all systems in the house are running properly (electrical, water, heat, etc…).
So remember, “How your home is more secure by using a Pet Sitter”…….Not only are your pets part of our family, we also consider your home our home and will do everything we can to protect your pets and your home.  With no extra charge for the care of your home……

Are you convinced to hire a professional pet sitter for your next vacation? Click here for more information on our services.

National Dog Biscuit Day

National Dog Biscuit Day

If your dog could talk, he would tell you how excited he is that National Dog Biscuit Day is on February 23rd.  This day is celebrated here in the United States and around the world. Dog biscuits, or dog bread, have been around since Roman times.  The origin of Dog bread was that the bread was not fit for humans; it was old or of bad quality, so they gave it to the dogs.

An American inventor, James Pratt, created the first known dog biscuits we know of today, sometime in the 19th century.  He came up with a secret recipe for “dog cakes” made up of meat and vegetables. The “dog cakes” were first sold to English countrymen for their sporting dogs.  Then, they were introduced in America and marketed at dog shows. Spratt’s product was supplied to army dogs during WWI. And, in 1907 Spratt made his first bone-shaped biscuit, known as Milk Bone. Milk Bone was bought by Nabisco in 1931 and acquired by General Mills in 1950.

Since then, dog biscuits have come a long way. There is a huge market for them, since so many people own dogs. There are hundreds of varieties of biscuits today; chewy treats, crunchy treats, soft treats, freeze dried or jerky treats, dental chews, bone-like chews, pig ears, rawhide, and the list goes on and on.

Chewing comes natural for dogs. They explore through chewing! Chewing helps dogs to exercise their jaw and sometimes clean their teeth. It keeps them occupied and gives them something to focus on. When a dog doesn’t have anything to chew on he can become destructive and start chewing on your furniture or other things around the house.

On any other day, you might give your furry baby a biscuit as a reward for doing something good or part of their training. But, this is his day…so give him an extra special snack or two.  Dog biscuits may have changed through the years, but one thing has remained the same, dogs still love them and we humans love our dogs!

You can always find plenty of store bought treats. But you can also find thousands of recipes online to make your own yummy homemade goodies. You can also visit a dog bakery, where they specialize in tasty treats for canines. Either way, your pet will be very happy.

 

How to Bond with Your Cat

How to Bond with Your Cat

If you’ve grown with dogs, you probably know that bonding can be as simple as petting them for a few days to become best buddies for life. Bonding is definitely a more difficult process when you decide to get a cat. We’ve all joked about the haughty nature of felines, but most of those jokes come with more than the grain of truth attached to them. . .
Often times, people get a cat, expect instant bonding and jump to the conclusion that the cat will never want anything to do with them. Take a proactive approach and try a few techniques to better bond with the new feline family member.

Begin with these:

  1. Don’t use negative reinforcement

With dogs people often use negative reinforcement to train them in the dos and don’ts around the house. In fact, many people claim that using this form of reinforcement never results in them getting moody or stand offish and that they simply learned not to potty in the house and all was well. While we don’t recommend that approach with dogs, we most definitely can tell you that cats don’t respond to negative reinforcement – at all.
Simply raising your voice at a cat is a good way to be dead to them for life. Cats have a very low trust threshold. One bad experience with you and building a bond is going to become infinitely harder. Save yourself a headache and focus on positive reinforcement methods if you have to train your cat in order to keep your bond in good standing.

2. Be the giver of food. Don’t just leave food out 24/7. Cats bond much quicker with the people who feed them. The way to a cat’s heart is his/her stomach, so take advantage of that fact and associate yourself with him/her being fed. Your cat will start cozying up to you in no time.  Petting your cat and rewarding him with a treat throughout the day will also remind him that associating with the humans of the house reap many rewards. 

3. Be patientYou can force a cat to like you. Don’t try to play with them incessantly or pick them up all the time. Give your cat some space and let him/her come to you. The more you push for the relationship, the longer it’s going to take to build one. 

4. Be interesting.  Yes, I said it.  Be interesting.  Cats love dangling toys, string and even laser pointers.  Throw a cardboard box or brown shopping bag in the middle of the floor and your cat is sure to come a calling.  These are all great options that allow you to provide your cat with some much needed space.  Once he begins to trust you, then go ahead play more interactive games that won’t scare him off and invade his space!
Follow these basic tips and in time you’ll have every cat happily eating out of the palm of your hand.   

Lice and the Family Dog

Lice and the Family Dog

If you’ve ever been unfortunate enough to contract lice then you’re probably familiar with the irritable pain dogs with lice experience. However, dogs actually catch a different species of lice entirely, one that can’t be passed on to humans.Whew!

The two types of lice are very different. . .

The two types of lice are very different. Where human lice moves quickly and enjoys clean hair, dog lice mostly stays stationary and prefers dirty manes. Dogs that are properly cared for within clean environments are highly unlikely to ever come in contact with canine lice, which is why consummate dog owners never experience the parasitic pests.
There are two forms of canine lice, chewing and sucking. Chewing lice chews on the skin of its victim while sucking lice, the more irritating of the two, latches onto a dog and sucks its blood. Both forms are easily transferable between canines and through contaminated objects, although they only target dogs.

The good news is that dog lice are easily diagnosable and treatable. They can be seen with the naked eye and look like small six-legged bugs. They don’t move, making it easy for you to run a brush or comb through your dog’s fur and see the pesky gangs of itchy invaders.
Treatment is incredibly simple. Your local pet store undoubtedly has a wide variety of shampoos, sprays and powders that will effectively kill and rid your dog of lice. You may need to treat your pup multiple times in order to also kills the eggs as they hatch, but your puppy is sure to be clean as a whistle after just a few days or a couple weeks of treatment depending on how bad his/her lice infestation is.

To prevent reinfection, thoroughly clean or get rid of your dog’s bedding and all the places he/she frequents. Be sure to disinfect all grooming utensils and you should be free of dog lice soon after discovering their existence.

Yes, they’re disgusting, but so easily dealt with that you won’t even have to contact or notify your local vet. After dealing with the lice, make sure your dog is kept clean and healthy and you’ll probably never have to worry about dog lice ever again.

Why You Should Spay or Neuter the Family Pet

Why You Should Spay or Neuter the Family Pet

Your pets, both female and male can benefit from being spayed or neutered. The choice to spay or neuter your pet is something very important to consider. You should weigh out all the options and discuss with your veterinarian to make the very best choice for your pet. Spaying is a surgical sterilization done to female animals to extract the ovaries and uterus. Neutering is a procedure done to the male dog or cat by removing the testicles.

By spaying or neutering you can:

  • Decrease the amount of homeless dogs and cats
  • Protect your pet’s health
  • Avoid disruptive behavior
  • Save money on pet care​

In the U.S. there are homeless dogs and cats everywhere. Each year millions of animals enter shelters. Less than half of these poor animals get adopted and the remaining are euthanized. The best way to help decrease these numbers is to spay or neuter your pets.

  • Spaying helps females avoid uterine infections and breast cancer.
  • Spayed pets don’t go into heat and don’t have the need to mate.
  • Spaying and /or Neutering prevents overpopulation by having unwanted puppies or kittens.
  • Your male dog will be less likely to get testicular cancer if he is neutered.
  • A neutered dog or cat won’t have the urge to find a mate and will be more behaved.

When dogs and cats are in heat, they go wandering and come in contact with other animals, get hit by cars and many other undesirable situations.

Pets who have been spayed or neutered are less aggressive. They also tend to bark less. Dogs who are not neutered are prone to urine marking which is when they lift their leg to urine. Cats that are not “fixed” have the urge to spray, which can create a horrible odor in your home. This problem would be minimized or eliminated by spay or neutering.

Having your pet spayed or neutered has no effect on his intellect or learning capabilities. The procedure produces a kind of calming effect, which makes these pets better companions.

Are there risks involved with spaying and neutering? There are risks and possible complications, as with all surgical procedures. Your pet could be at risk for incontinence and some forms of cancer. Prior to the procedure your pet will be examined thoroughly to make sure they are in good health and can undergo the stress. You will be asked to keep your pet in a clean, quiet and peaceful environment after surgery.

You can be confident in your decision to spay or neuter knowing that these procedures are the most common done by veterinarians. The benefits far outweigh the risks. Many shelters and clinics offer free of low cost spay or neutering so there is finances should not stand in your way.